Grace Murray Hopper is not only the Mother of COBOL, not only one of the most important women in the history of computers, she is one of the most important people in the history of computers.
This is her page.
First Computer Bug: On 09.Sep.1947 they removed a moth from Relay #70, Panel F, of the Harvard University Mark II Aiken Relay Calculator. That story became a favorite of Grace Murray Hopper. This page describes that "bug", and includes a photo of it. (first_computer_bug)
Admiral Hopper Awarded the National Medal of Technology: A Digital equipment Corporation press release from 16.Sep.1991. (www.cs.yale.edu/~tap/Files/hopper-medal.html)
editorial for Chips April 1992 (Grace Murray Hopper): The memorial editorial in the April 1992 issue of Chips. For a picture of the issue cover, see my Hopper Portrait Page. (www.norfolk.navy.mil/chips/grace_hopper/file1.htm)
encyclopaedia Britannica Article on Grace Hopper: Interestingly enough, the article is wrong. For example, it says she retired in 1966 with the rank of commodore. In reality, she was promoted to commodore in 1983 by special Presidential appointment under President Ronald Reagan. (britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/9/0,5716,889+1,00.html)
Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing (2000): This is the third celebration. It was held 14-16.Sep.2000 at the Sheraton Hotels in Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Prior celebrations were held in 1997 (site missing) and 1994 (site still there). (www.sdsc.edu/Hopper)
Grace Murray Hopper: A biography of Grace Hopper (copied, with permission, from the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing 1994 conference proceedings). (www.cs.yale.edu/~tap/Files/hopper-story.html)
Grace Murray Hopper: Pioneer Computer Scientist: Part of the San Diego Supercomputer Center Women in Science site, this page is a biography and includes a special picture of Grace Hopper as a young woman. See also Tribute to Grace Murray Hopper above. Both biographies were written by Merry Maisel. (www.sdsc.edu/Publications/ScienceWomen/hopper.html)
The Lemelson-MIT Prize Program: Grace Murray Hopper: A brief description of her role in the development of the compiler. (web.mit.edu/invent/www/inventorsA-H/hopper.html)
Looking Back: Grace Murray Hopper's Younger Years: Hosted on the SPAWARSYSCeN (Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center) site, as part of Chips, the Navy's information technology magazine. This site also has information about the destroyer named for her: The (Amazing) Grace Hopper, DDG 70. This article discusses her years as a child and young adult. (www.norfolk.navy.mil/chips/grace_hopper/young.htm)
Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper - Biography: Another bio of Grace Hopper, this one part of the launch brochure for the destroyer named after her. (www.norfolk.navy.mil/chips/grace_hopper/brobio.htm)
Remembering Grace Murray Hopper: A Legend in Her Own Time: Hosted on the SPAWARSYSCeN (Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center) site, as part of Chips, the Navy's information technology magazine. This site also has information about the destroyer named for her: The (Amazing) Grace Hopper, DDG 70. (www.norfolk.navy.mil/chips/grace_hopper/file2.htm)
San Jose State University Virtual Museum: Grace Murray Hopper: A brief biographical sketch, part of the San Jose State University Virtual Museum History of Mathematics, Science and Technology Site. (www.sjsu.edu/depts/Museum/hop.html)
The Wit and Wisdom of Grace Hopper: From The OCLC Newsletter, March/April, 1987, No. 167 (editor and article author is Philip Schieber.) This article includes some of her great quotes. These quotes are also on my General Quotations Page. (www.cs.yale.edu/~tap/Files/hopper-wit.html)
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